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FLORA INDICA.

L KANUNCULACE^,

3-6, plcrumque 5, hypogyna, decidua (in paucis persistentia),
regularia vel varie irregularia, herbaeca vel colorata. fetala 3-15, in-
terdum parva, irregularia vol plane nulla. Stamina indcfiuita, anthcris
basifixis 2-locularibus longitudinaliter dcliiscentibus. Ooaria plurima,'
secus tomm elongatum vel globosum imbricata, vel uniserialia (1-5),
discreta, rarissime axi subcoh&rentia, 1-locularia, 1- vel pluriovulata.
Carpella achenia sicca vel follieuli, rarius baccata, Semina auatropa,
albumine copioso, embryone minuto.

In accordance with our already stated intention to follow the arrangement of De
Candolle, our Jlora begins with Ectnuttculacea. This family was probably se-
lected to commence the series on account of its abundance in Europe, rather than
from any precise ideas of the exact degree of relationship of the different allied fa-
milies. It is certainly more nearly allied to Berleridea and Papaveracea than to
those Orders which immediately follow it in the linear scries, as is indicated by its
herbaceous habit and divided leaves. Eamtnadacece also exhibit a remarkable ana-
logy or affinity to two Orders which are usually placed at a great distance from it,
namely, Hurtellifera and Uosacece, by means of which a transition is established
between the families of Apocarpous Tkalamijlora and the great class of Myrtaks;
and, as we shall, under the next Order, )iave occasion to mention Dttleniacea, ex-
'hibit a passage to a very different series of Orders, namely, Ternslromiacea and

In the typical families of this class, that is to say, in Magnoi'acete and Anonacc^
the floral organs are (perhaps invariably) arranged in a ternary order, and in more
than two rows. The closely-allied class to which Papaveracta and Berleridea
belong, agrees with these in respect of the multiplication of the verticils of the pe-
rianth, and partially also in the ternary arrangement of the parts of the ilower,
though in Papaveracea this is more generally binary. In Mltniacea, on the con-
trary, the flowers arc peutamerous, and the perianth ill two rows. In Itatmncu-
faoea we have a complete case of transition, the arrangement being occasionally
ternary, but more frequently quinary, while the petals in a considerable number of
species arc twice as numerous as the sepals, though it is more, usual to fiud them
equal in number. This Order and the next may therefore be considered aberrant

The remarkable analogy in foliage between Ranwiculacese ami VwleUifera was
B